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Squamous Cell Carcinoma  

Squamous cell carcinoma is a form of cancer that develops as a crusty lesion that tends to bleed. The tumor is often characterized by a lesion localized in the epidermis, the outer layer of the skin. The injury may take the form of a scaly or crusty bump (actinic keratosis) or a scaly erythematous plaque (Bowen's disease). Over time, however, the cancer can penetrate deeply into the skin and spread into nearby or distant lymph nodes.  

Squamous cell carcinoma is common among people aged 50 or over; it affects primarily individuals having fair or/and blond hair. In general, squamous cell carcinoma has a higher invasive power than that of basal cell carcinoma; metastasis is registered in about 20% of cases. However, diagnosed and treated early, squamous cell carcinoma has a cure rate of about 90%.  

Besides the skin, squamous cell carcinoma can affect many other organs. Your chance of surviving varies depending on the organ affected and the characteristic of the tumor.  Some of the organs that are subject to squamous cell carcinoma include:  

  • lips - squamous cell carcinoma of the lips; 
  • mouth (including floor of the mouth, the tongue and the soft palate) - squamous cell carcinoma of the mouth or intraoral squamous cell carcinoma; 
  • esophagus - squamous cell carcinoma of esophagus or esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) 
  • bladder - squamous cell carcinoma of the bladder or bladder squamous cell carcinoma 
  • prostate - squamous cell carcinoma of the prostate or prostatic squamous cell carcinoma 
  • lungs - squamous cell carcinoma of the lung or pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma 
  • vagina - squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva or vulvar squamous cell carcinoma 
  • And cervix - squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix or cervical squamous cell carcinoma.  


                                           Squamous Cell Carcinoma Incidence