Skin Cancer Treatment
treatment of skin cancer depends on many factors: stage and location of the tumor, age and your health. Survival
chance is higher when the cancer is diagnosed early. In general, the treatment of skin cancer includes surgery, electrocautery, cryosurgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and immunotherapy;
dynamic photherapy can also be used.
Also called biological
therapy, immunotherapy is the use of drugs to strengthen your immune system to help your body fight the cancer
cells. These drugs act by activating your immune cells so they attack cancer cells and destroy them. Interferon
and interleukin-2 are the two most used drugs in the treatment of melanoma. Some of their adverse effects
This new form of therapy
involves application of a photosensitizing substance (causing tissue susceptibility to certain lights) on the
skin for several hours before exposing it to a particular light, which can be a blue or red. The substance is
applied on the skin as a liquid or a cream containing aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA-HCl) or methyl aminolevulinate
(MAL). Once on the skin, the drug is absorbed by the diseased tissue and sebaceous glands. Exposure to the light
activates the substance in the tissue, and causes its destruction. You will need to avoid direct sunlight for at
least six weeks after treatment.
Skin Cancer Survival Rates